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Adjective

Adjective


What Is An Adjective?



An adjective modifies a noun or a pronounby describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedesthe noun orthe pronoun which it modifies.
Inthe following examples,the highlighted words are adjectives:
The truck-shapedballoon floated overthe treetops.
Mrs. Morrison papered her kitchen walls with hideous wall paper.
The smallboat foundered onthe wine dark sea.
The coal mines are dark and dank.
Many stores have already begun to play irritating Christmas music.
A battered musicbox sat onthe mahogany sideboard.
The back room was filled with large, yellow rain boots.
An adjective can be modified by an adverb, or by a phrase or clausefunctioning as an adverb. Inthe sentence
My husband knits intricately patterned mittens.
for example,the adverb "intricately" modifiesthe adjective "patterned."
Some nouns, many pronouns, and many participle phrasescan also act as adjectives. Inthe sentence
Eleanor listened tothe muffledsounds ofthe radio hidden under her pillow.
for example, both highlighted adjectives are past participles.
Grammarians also consider articles("the," "a," "an") to be adjectives.



Possessive Adjectives


A possessive adjective("my," "your," "his," "her," "its," "our," "their") is similar or identical to a possessive pronoun; however, it is used as an adjective and modifies a noun or a noun phrase, as inthe following sentences:
I can't complete myassignment because I don't havethe textbook.
In this sentence,the possessive adjective "my" modifies "assignment" andthe noun phrase "my assignment" functions as an object. Note thatthe possessive pronoun form "mine" is not used to modify a noun or noun phrase.
What is your phone number.
Herethe possessive adjective "your" is used to modifythe noun phrase "phone number";the entire noun phrase "your phone number" is a subject complement. Note thatthe possessive pronoun form "yours" is not used to modify a noun or a noun phrase.
The bakery sold his favourite type of bread.
In this example,the possessive adjective "his" modifiesthe noun phrase "favourite type of bread" andthe entire noun phrase "his favourite type of bread" isthe direct objectofthe verb "sold."
After many years, she returned to her homeland.
Herethe possessive adjective "her" modifiesthe noun "homeland" andthe noun phrase "her homeland" isthe object ofthe preposition"to." Note also thatthe form "hers" is not used to modify nouns or noun phrases.
We have lost our way in this wood.
In this sentence,the possessive adjective "our" modifies "way" andthe noun phrase "our way" isthe direct object ofthe compound verb"have lost". Note thatthe possessive pronoun form "ours" is not used to modify nouns or noun phrases.
In many fairy tales, children are neglected by their parents.
Herethe possessive adjective "their" modifies "parents" andthe noun phrase "their parents" isthe object ofthe preposition "by." Note thatthe possessive pronoun form "theirs" is not used to modify nouns or noun phrases.
The cat chased itsball downthe stairs and intothe backyard.
In this sentence,the possessive adjective "its" modifies "ball" andthe noun phrase "its ball" isthe object ofthe verb "chased." Note that "its" isthe possessive adjective and "it's" is a contraction for "it is."



Demonstrative Adjectives


The demonstrative adjectives"this," "these," "that," "those," and "what" are identical tothe demonstrative pronouns, but are used as adjectives to modify nouns or noun phrases, as inthe following sentences:
Whenthe librarian tripped over that cord, she dropped a pile of books.
In this sentence,the demonstrative adjective "that" modifiesthe noun "cord" andthe noun phrase "that cord" isthe object ofthe preposition "over."
This apartment needs to be fumigated.
Here "this" modifies "apartment" andthe noun phrase "this apartment" isthe subjectofthe sentence.
Even though my friend preferred thoseplates, I boughtthese.
Inthe subordinate clause, "those" modifies "plates" andthe noun phrase "those plates" isthe object ofthe verb "preferred." Inthe independent clause, "these" isthe direct object ofthe verb "bought."
Note thatthe relationship between a demonstrative adjective and a demonstrative pronoun is similar tothe relationship between a possessive adjective and a possessive pronoun, or to that between a interrogative adjective and an interrogative pronoun.


Interrogative Adjectives


An interrogative adjective("which" or "what") is like an interrogative pronoun, except that it modifies a noun or noun phrase rather than standing on its own (see also demonstrative adjectives and possessive adjectives):
Which plants should be watered twice a week?
Like other adjectives, "which" can be used to modify a noun or a noun phrase. In this example, "which" modifies "plants" andthe noun phrase "which plants" isthe subject ofthe compound verb "should be watered":
What book are you reading?
In this sentence, "what" modifies "book" andthe noun phrase "what book" isthe direct object ofthe compound verb "are reading."



Indefinite Adjectives


An indefinite adjective is similar to an indefinite pronoun, except that it modifies a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase, as inthe following sentences:
Many people believe that corporations are under-taxed.
The indefinite adjective "many" modifiesthe noun "people" andthe noun phrase "many people" isthe subject ofthe sentence.
I will send you any mail that arrives after you have moved to Sudbury.
The indefinite adjective "any" modifiesthe noun "mail" andthe noun phrase "any mail" isthe direct object ofthe compound verb "will send."
They found a few goldfish floating belly up inthe swan pound.
In this examplethe indefinite adjective modifiesthe noun "goldfish" andthe noun phrase isthe direct object ofthe verb "found":
The title of Kelly's favourite game is "All dogs go to heaven."
Herethe indefinite pronoun "all" modifies "dogs" andthe full title is a subject complement.


Written by Heather MacFadyen


ที่มา : http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/adjectve.html



List of Adjectives


Click here for a list of over 1,100 adjectives.
The list of adjectivesis something of wonder. Beholdthe modest adjective. It can leap tall buildings in a single bound. It makesthe average citizen smarter and kinder. It keeps you inthe cleanest car onthe block. Such potent words should be used wisely. Read on and learn how to use your adjective powers for good.
An adjective's job is to modify a noun or pronoun.They are always nearthe noun or pronounthey are describing. Be careful how you use adjectives such as interesting, beautiful, great, wonderful, or exciting. Many adjectives likethese are overused and add little definition to a sentence. Instead, show your reader or listener what you are talking about by using verbs and nouns creatively. Sprinkle fewer well-chosen adjectives for interest.
Adjectives are often used to describethe degree of modification.
The adjective forms are positive, comparative, and superlative.
This tree is tall. (positive)
That tree is taller. (comparative)
The last tree inthe row isthe tallest. (superlative)

A handful of adjectives have irregular forms of positive, comparative, and superlative usage.
These include good/better/best, bad/worse/worst, little/less/least, much-many-some/more/most, far/further/furthest.
My lunch was good, hers was better, and yours wasthe best.
Proper adjectivesare derived from proper nouns.They commonly describe something in terms of nationality, religious affiliation, or culture. Like proper nouns, proper adjectives havetheir first letter capitalized. Some examples of proper adjectives include:
American
French
Japanese
Latino
Asian
Australian
Catholic
Lutheran
Jewish

The following lists are just a sampling of adjectives inthe English language.They are categorized bythe type of attributethey describe. Use your dictionary orthesaurus to add to each list or usethe complete list below this one.






Appearance Adjectives adorable
beautiful
clean
drab
elegant
fancy
glamorous
handsome
long
magnificent
old-fashioned
plain
quaint
sparkling
ugliest
unsightly
wide-eyed
Color Adjectives red
orange
yellow
green
blue
purple
gray
black
white
Condition Adjectives alive
better
careful
clever
dead
easy
famous
gifted
helpful
important
inexpensive
mushy
odd
powerful
rich
shy
tender
uninterested
vast
wrong.
Feelings (Bad) Adjectives
angry
bewildered
clumsy
defeated
embarrassed
fierce
grumpy
helpless
itchy
jealous
lazy
mysterious
nervous
obnoxious
panicky
repulsive
scary
thoughtless
uptight
worried
Feelings (Good) Adjectives
agreeable
brave
calm
delightful
eager
faithful
gentle
happy
jolly
kind
lively
nice
obedient
proud
relieved
silly
thankful
victorious
witty
zealous
Shape Adjectives broad
chubby
crooked
curved
deep
flat
high
hollow
low
narrow
round
shallow
skinny
square
steep
straight
wide.
Size Adjectives big
colossal
fat
gigantic
great
huge
immense
large
little
mammoth
massive
miniature
petite
puny
scrawny
short
small
tall
teeny
teeny-tiny
tiny
Sound Adjectives cooing
deafening
faint
hissing
loud
melodic
noisy
purring
quiet
raspy
screeching
thundering
voiceless
whispering
Time Adjectives ancient
brief
early
fast
late
long
modern
old
old-fashioned
quick
rapid
short
slow
swift
young
Taste/Touch Adjectives bitter
delicious
fresh
greasy
juicy
hot
icy
loose
melted
nutritious
prickly
rainy
rotten
salty
sticky
strong
sweet
tart
tasteless
uneven
weak
wet
wooden
yummy
Touch Adjectives boiling
breeze
broken
bumpy
chilly
cold
cool
creepy
crooked
cuddly
curly
damaged
damp
dirty
dry
dusty
filthy
flaky
fluffy
freezing
hot
warm
wet
Quantity Adjectives
abundant
empty
few
full
heavy
light
many
numerous
sparse
substantial

Why do you need a list of adjectives? Adjectivescan turnthe ordinary in tothe extraordinary. When used properly,they can add vivid interest to your conversation or written communication. However,there can be too much of a good thing. Please keep your adjectives effective by choosingthem wisely.


Comprehensive List of Adjectives





Aaback
abaft
abandoned
abashed
aberrant
abhorrent
abiding
abject
ablaze
able
abnormal
aboard
aboriginal
abortive
abounding
abrasive
abrupt
absent
absorbed
absorbing
abstracted
absurd
abundant
abusive
acceptable
accessible
accidental
accurate
acid
acidic
acoustic
acrid
actually
ad hoc
adamant
adaptable
addicted
adhesive
adjoining
adorable
adventurous
afraid
aggressive
agonizing
agreeable
ahead
ajar
alcoholic
alert
alike
alive
alleged
alluring
aloof
amazing
ambiguous
ambitious
amuck
amused
amusing
ancient
angry
animated
annoyed
annoying
anxious
apathetic
aquatic
aromatic
arrogant
ashamed
aspiring
assorted
astonishing
attractive
auspicious
automatic
available
average
awake
aware
awesome
awful
axiomatic
Bbad
barbarous
bashful
bawdy
beautiful
befitting
belligerent
beneficial
bent
berserk
best
better
bewildered
big
billowy
bite-sized
bitter
bizarre
black
black-and-white
bloody
blue
blue-eyed
blushing
boiling
boorish
bored
boring
bouncy
boundless
brainy
brash
brave
brawny
breakable
breezy
brief
bright
bright
broad
broken
brown
bumpy
burly
bustling
busy
C
cagey
calculating
callous
calm
capable
capricious
careful
careless
caring
cautious
ceaseless
certain
changeable
charming
cheap
cheerful
chemical
chief
childlike
chilly
chivalrous
chubby
chunky
clammy
classy
clean
clear
clever
cloistered
cloudy
closed
clumsy
cluttered
coherent
cold
colorful
colossal
combative
comfortable
common
complete
complex
concerned
condemned
confused
conscious
cooing
cool
cooperative
coordinated
courageous
cowardly
crabby
craven
crazy
creepy
crooked
crowded
cruel
cuddly
cultured
cumbersome
curious
curly
curved
curvy
cut
cute
cute
cynical
D
daffy
daily
damaged
damaging
damp
dangerous
dapper
dark
dashing
dazzling
dead
deadpan
deafening
dear
debonair
decisive
decorous
deep
deeply
defeated
defective
defiant
delicate
delicious
delightful
demonic
delirious
dependent
depressed
deranged
descriptive
deserted
detailed
determined
devilish
didactic
different
difficult
diligent
direful
dirty
disagreeable
disastrous
discreet
disgusted
disgusting
disillusioned
dispensable
distinct
disturbed
divergent
dizzy
domineering
doubtful
drab
draconian
dramatic
dreary
drunk
dry
dull
dusty
dusty
dynamic
dysfunctional
E
eager
early
earsplitting
earthy
easy
eatable
economic
educated
efficacious
efficient
eight
elastic
elated
elderly
electric
elegant
elfin
elite
embarrassed
eminent
empty
enchanted
enchanting
encouraging
endurable
energetic
enormous
entertaining
enthusiastic
envious
equable
equal
erect
erratic
ethereal
evanescent
evasive
even
excellent
excited
exciting
exclusive
exotic
expensive
extra-large
extra-small
exuberant
exultant
F
fabulous
faded
faint
fair
faithful
fallacious
false
familiar
famous
fanatical
fancy
fantastic
far
far-flung
fascinated
fast
fat
faulty
fearful
fearless
feeble
feigned
female
fertile
festive
few
fierce
filthy
fine
finicky
first
five
fixed
flagrant
flaky
flashy
flat
flawless
flimsy
flippant
flowery
fluffy
fluttering
foamy
foolish
foregoing
forgetful
fortunate
four
frail
fragile
frantic
free
freezing
frequent
fresh
fretful
friendly
frightened
frightening
full
fumbling
functional
funny
furry
furtive
future
futuristic
fuzzy
G
gabby
gainful
gamy
gaping
garrulous
gaudy
general
gentle
giant
giddy
gifted
gigantic
glamorous
gleaming
glib
glistening
glorious
glossy
godly
good
goofy
gorgeous
graceful
grandiose
grateful
gratis
gray
greasy
great
greedy
green
grey
grieving
groovy
grotesque
grouchy
grubby
gruesome
grumpy
guarded
guiltless
gullible
gusty
guttural
H
habitual
half
hallowed
halting
handsome
handsomely
handy
hanging
hapless
happy
hard
hard-to-find
harmonious
harsh
hateful
heady
healthy
heartbreaking
heavenly
heavy
hellish
helpful
helpless
hesitant
hideous
high
highfalutin
high-pitched
hilarious
hissing
historical
holistic
hollow
homeless
homely
honorable
horrible
hospitable
hot
huge
hulking
humdrum
humorous
hungry
hurried
hurt
hushed
husky
hypnotic
hysterical
I
icky
icy
idiotic
ignorant
ill
illegal
ill-fated
ill-informed
illustrious
imaginary
immense
imminent
impartial
imperfect
impolite
important
imported
impossible
incandescent
incompetent
inconclusive
industrious
incredible
inexpensive
infamous
innate
innocent
inquisitive
insidious
instinctive
intelligent
interesting
internal
invincible
irate
irritating
itchy
J
jaded
jagged
jazzy
jealous
jittery
jobless
jolly
joyous
judicious
juicy
jumbled
jumpy
juvenile
K
kaput
keen
kind
kindhearted
kindly
knotty
knowing
knowledgeable
known
L
labored
lackadaisical
lacking
lame
lamentable
languid
large
last
late
laughable
lavish
lazy
lean
learned
left
legal
lethal
level
lewd
light
like
likeable
limping
literate
little
lively
lively
living
lonely
long
longing
long-term
loose
lopsided
loud
loutish
lovely
loving
low
lowly
lucky
ludicrous
lumpy
lush
luxuriant
lying
lyrical

M
macabre
macho
maddening
madly
magenta
magical
magnificent
majestic
makeshift
male
malicious
mammoth
maniacal
many
marked
massive
married
marvelous
material
materialistic
mature
mean
measly
meaty
medical
meek
mellow
melodic
melted
merciful
mere
messy
mighty
military
milky
mindless
miniature
minor
miscreant
misty
mixed
moaning
modern
moldy
momentous
motionless
mountainous
muddled
mundane
murky
mushy
mute
mysterious
N
naive
nappy
narrow
nasty
natural
naughty
nauseating
near
neat
nebulous
necessary
needless
needy
neighborly
nervous
new
next
nice
nifty
nimble
nine
nippy
noiseless
noisy
nonchalant
nondescript
nonstop
normal
nostalgic
nosy
noxious
null
numberless
numerous
nutritious
nutty
O
oafish
obedient
obeisant
obese
obnoxious
obscene
obsequious
observant
obsolete
obtainable
oceanic
odd
offbeat
old
old-fashioned
omniscient
one
onerous
open
opposite
optimal
orange
ordinary
organic
ossified
outgoing
outrageous
outstanding
oval
overconfident
overjoyed
overrated
overt
overwrought
P
painful
painstaking
pale
paltry
panicky
panoramic
parallel
parched
parsimonious
past
pastoral
pathetic
peaceful
penitent
perfect
periodic
permissible
perpetual
petite
petite
phobic
physical
picayune
pink
piquant
placid
plain
plant
plastic
plausible
pleasant
plucky
pointless
poised
polite
political
poor
possessive
possible
powerful
precious
premium
present
pretty
previous
pricey
prickly
private
probable
productive
profuse
protective
proud
psychedelic
psychotic
public
puffy
pumped
puny
purple
purring
pushy
puzzled
puzzling
Q
quack
quaint
quarrelsome
questionable
quick
quickest
quiet
quirky
quixotic
quizzical
R
rabid
racial
ragged
rainy
rambunctious
rampant
rapid
rare
raspy
ratty
ready
real
rebel
receptive
recondite
red
redundant
reflective
regular
relieved
remarkable
reminiscent
repulsive
resolute
resonant
responsible
rhetorical
rich
right
righteous
rightful
rigid
ripe
ritzy
roasted
robust
romantic
roomy
rotten
rough
round
royal
ruddy
rude
rural
rustic
ruthless
S
sable
sad
safe
salty
same
sassy
satisfying
savory
scandalous
scarce
scared
scary
scattered
scientific
scintillating
scrawny
screeching
second
second-hand
secret
secretive
sedate
seemly
selective
selfish
separate
serious
shaggy
shaky
shallow
sharp
shiny
shivering
shocking
short
shrill
shut
shy
sick
silent
silent
silky
silly
simple
simplistic
sincere
six
skillful
skinny
sleepy
slim
slimy
slippery
sloppy
slow
small
smart
smelly
smiling
smoggy
smooth
sneaky
snobbish
snotty
soft
soggy
solid
somber
sophisticated
sordid
sore
sore
sour
sparkling
special
spectacular
spicy
spiffy
spiky
spiritual
spiteful
splendid
spooky
spotless
spotted
spotty
spurious
squalid
square
squealing
squeamish
staking
stale
standing
statuesque
steadfast
steady
steep
stereotyped
sticky
stiff
stimulating
stingy
stormy
straight
strange
striped
strong
stupendous
stupid
sturdy
subdued
subsequent
substantial
successful
succinct
sudden
sulky
super
superb
superficial
supreme
swanky
sweet
sweltering
swift
symptomatic
synonymous
T
taboo
tacit
tacky
talented
tall
tame
tan
tangible
tangy
tart
tasteful
tasteless
tasty
tawdry
tearful
tedious
teeny
teeny-tiny
telling
temporary
ten
tender
tense
tense
tenuous
terrible
terrific
tested
testy
thankful
therapeutic
thick
thin
thinkable
third
thirsty
thirsty
thoughtful
thoughtless
threatening
three
thundering
tidy
tight
tightfisted
tiny
tired
tiresome
toothsome
torpid
tough
towering
tranquil
trashy
tremendous
tricky
trite
troubled
truculent
true
truthful
two
typical
U
ubiquitous
ugliest
ugly
ultra
unable
unaccountable
unadvised
unarmed
unbecoming
unbiased
uncovered
understood
undesirable
unequal
unequaled
uneven
unhealthy
uninterested
unique
unkempt
unknown
unnatural
unruly
unsightly
unsuitable
untidy
unused
unusual
unwieldy
unwritten
upbeat
uppity
upset
uptight
used
useful
useless
utopian
utter
uttermost
V
vacuous
vagabond
vague
valuable
various
vast
vengeful
venomous
verdant
versed
victorious
vigorous
violent
violet
vivacious
voiceless
volatile
voracious
vulgar
W
wacky
waggish
waiting
wakeful
wandering
wanting
warlike
warm
wary
wasteful
watery
weak
wealthy
weary
well-groomed
well-made
well-off
well-to-do
wet
whimsical
whispering
white
whole
wholesale
wicked
wide
wide-eyed
wiggly
wild
willing
windy
wiry
wise
wistful
witty
woebegone
womanly
wonderful
wooden
woozy
workable
worried
worthless
wrathful
wretched
wrong
wry
Y
yellow
yielding
young
youthful
yummy
Z
zany
zealous
zesty
zippy
zonked






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